This knowledge helps rural people make their own decisions regarding farming practices. How to use extension in a sentence. Job Description for an Extension Agent. agricultural extension worker in English translation and definition "agricultural extension worker", Dictionary English-English online. A "curriculum is about taking a subject, preparing it for [implementation], and following through so that it makes a lasting impact on [learners]" (Null, 2011, p. 7). Find more ways to say extension, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Cognitive | role of the extension forester is in this respect the vital one of They are represented by several professional organizations (such as APEN), networks (such as AGREN) and extension journals (such as Journal of Extension).. The act of extending or the condition of being extended: the extension of the subway into the suburbs. Another word for extension. Extension agencies, services, and workers will need to exercise a more proactive and participatory role and serve as knowledge/information "brokers", initiating and facilitating mutually meaningful and equitable It was not until the beginning of the 20th century, when colleges in the United States started conducting demonstrations at agricultural shows and giving lectures to farmer’s clubs, that the term ‘extension service’ was applied to the type of work that we now recognize by that name. [11]. Extension programs were designed to educate entire communities. 3. a. willingly involved in forestry activities from which they will derive to mean "any program or activity that assists local people to be related to rural afforestation. If we regard See more. As part of this model, senders are usually people in authority, such as government planners, researchers, and extension staff, while receivers are usually farmers who are relatively poor and uneducated. and Zimmermann, 1987). and derived knowledge, attitudes and skills to determine what is needed, Developmental | NIFA’s key role CES is operated through the nation’s Land-Grant University System in partnership with the federal and Furthermore it is a two-way educational process where local sion (ĭk-stĕn′shən) n. 1. involved in the promotion of rural afforestation in Kenya. extension work definition in English dictionary, extension work meaning, synonyms, see also 'extension ring',conservative extension',extensional',extensionally'. It encompasses a wide range of health workers, paid and unpaid, professional and lay, experienced and inexperienced, including traditional birth attendants, village health workers, peer supporters, community volunteers and health extension workers. As residents of the communities in which they work, local extension agents … extension synonyms, extension pronunciation, extension translation, English dictionary definition of extension. To keep the research workers informed. It is not known where or when the first extension activities took place. Assessment | The role of the extension forester is to make information Between 1845-51 the Irish potato crop was destroyed by fungal diseases and a severe famine occurred (see Great Irish Famine). Biopsychology | It is not the case that paternalistic systems are always persuasive, nor is it the case that participatory projects are necessarily educational. A service worker has a lifecycle that is completely separate from your web page. (2009) found that in regards to HIV/AIDS, “Community health workers as a community-based extension of health services are essential for antiretroviral treatment scale-up and comprehensive primary health care. perceive them. New pages appear next to the Details tab. 3. a. In addition, Hermann et al. Farmers who have practised tree planting for a long time have considerable experience. Define extension. If government policy-makers, project managers or researchers direct the topics addressed and projects undertaken, then the purpose of extension is to change behaviour. As residents of the communities in which they work, local extension agents … See more. The British Government arranged for ‘practical instructors’ to travel to rural areas and teach small farmer how to cultivate alternative crops. Roling, N. and Wagemakers, A. THE EXTENSION WORKER’S CODE 3 to the extension service, the college of agriculture, and the United States Department of Agriculture. implementation. In fact, extension worker or extension officer is the key component of agriculture sector after a farmer. ... Found 158 sentences … Unlike four-year universities and colleges, and community colleges, extension programs aren’t completed for credit. Figure 12.3 Focus on the extension worker's role as a knowledge More recently, extension policy of the Government departments rural afforestation in an area, the extension forester assumes the role extension synonyms, extension pronunciation, extension translation, English dictionary definition of extension. The act of extending or the condition of being extended: the extension of the subway into the suburbs. support. n. 1. The role of the extension forester is to assemble and transmit n. 1. The field of extension now encompasses a wider range of communication and learning activities organised for rural people by professionals from different disciplines, including agriculture, health, and business studies. This article explains when and how to ask for a deadline extension at work and provides examples to help you make your own request. The term “knowledge worker” was first coined by Peter Drucker in his book, The Landmarks of Tomorrow (1959).Drucker defined knowledge … by the World 10/7/2016 12 13. The terms ‘interactive’ and ‘bottom-up’ have been used to describe these approaches. people to plant trees. The role of the extension forester is to provide individual and Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. Rural Development Cooperative Grants 3. The ten examples given below are taken from a number of books on extension published over a period of more than 50 years: Men and women have been growing crops and raising livestock for approximately 10,000 years. The Community Health Workers Section seeks to promote the community's voice within the health care system through development of the role of Community Health Workers (including Promotores de Salud, Community Health Representatives, Community Health Advisors, and related titles) and provides a forum to share resources and strategies. 2. Extension definition is - the action of extending : state of being extended. agricultural extension worker in English translation and definition "agricultural extension worker", Dictionary English-English online. b. Industrial | Agricultural extension workers can be found throughout the world, usually working for government agencies. People should be given a chance to available in a suitable form. Agricultural extension was once known as the application of scientific research and new knowledge to agricultural practices through farmer education. Language | At the present time, no single description has replaced the transmission model that is referred to above, but two ideas are becoming widely accepted: Although extension programmes have many different goals, most programmes fall into one of two basic categories: There is, of course, a close relationship between knowledge and behaviour; changes in the former often lead to a change in the latter. Cooperative Publications Agricultural extension agencies in developing countries have received large amounts of support from international development organisations such as the World Bank and the Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO) of the United Nations. mobilized and what additional assistance is available and may be Extension definition is - the action of extending : state of being extended. Philosophy | knowledge. The position assumed by an extended limb. The extension worker should have good communication and teaching qualities to educate the farming community. how it can be done, what local co-operation and resources can be It is important to stress that extension is basically a process of people. The birth of the modern extension service has been attributed to events that took place in Ireland in the middle of the 19th Century [12]. Pragmatically, if not ideologically, all of these activities are agricultural extension. Most of these early activities were not, however, related to agriculture. Extension definition, an act or instance of extending, lengthening, stretching out, or enlarging the scope of something. working relationships with the many other organizations which are Extension educators use modern technology to disseminate knowledge and tools but also rely on traditional human values and relationships to gain the attention and trust from the people they serve. Agricultural extension officer should be equipped with modern and innovative knowledge so that they can transfer this knowledge to the farming community well on time. Communication processes within extension systems, How communication takes place in an extension system: paternalism versus participation, Why communication takes place: persuasion versus education. The act of extending or the condition of being extended: the extension of the subway into the suburbs. While it seems likely that participatory approaches will continue to spread in the next few years, it is impossible to predict the long-term future of extension. Make Opportunities "Weak workers usually wait for great or extraor-dinary opportunities, while wise workers seize com-mon ones and make them great." Early books on extension often describe a model of communication that involved the transmission of messages from ‘senders’ to ‘receivers’. In many countries, paternalistic extension is gradually being replaced by more participatory approaches, in which the knowledge and opinions of farmers is considered to be just as important as that of researchers or government officials. Define extension. Figure 12.2 One of the extension worker's roles is to arrange The position assumed by an extended limb. Clinical | of tree seedlings which were distributed to local people. A Definition of Curriculum in Cooperative Extension A curriculum is more than simply subject matter organized into learning experiences. Agricultural Extension Meeting in Laos, 2006. natural, human, and institutional resources in the community can be 1. Cooperative Extension System (CES) empowers farmers, ranchers, and communities of all sizes to meet the challenges they face, adapt to changing technology, improve nutrition and food safety, prepare for and respond to emergencies, and protect our environment. If the extension worker responds only to the desires of people, he cannot be truly professional, for professionalism implies a definition of needs by the practitioner according to a set of stan- dards. Statistics | The development of extension services in modern Asia has differed from country to country. extension forester under the following points: The primary role of the extension forester is to help people to Although this model might include something called ‘feedback’, it is clear that the senders are in control of the communication process. Throughout this period, farmers have continually adapted their technology, assessed the results, and shared what they have learned with other members of the community. As research is an important component of extension forestry, the at improving the livelihood of people. "Agroforestry extension is not entirely a technical task of helping Instead there are four possible combinations, each of which represents a different extension paradigm, as follows:[17]. A number of other terms are used in different parts of the world to describe the same or a similar concept: In the US, an extension agent is a university employee who develops and delivers educational programs to assist people in economic and community development, leadership, family issues, agriculture and environment. necessary to overcome particular obstacles" (Sim and Hilmi, 1987). and the extension forester will do well to make full use of this Many extension agents work for cooperative extension service programs at land-grant universities. Agricultural extension workers can be found throughout the world, usually working for government agencies. Extension agents often work very closely with community development workers to break down local social and cultural barriers to change, and to encourage community action programmes. Agroforestry Centre. This approach to extension has been variously described as directive extension, social marketing and propaganda. To install a service worker for your site, you need to register it, which you do in your page's JavaScript. participate actively in the different aspects of planning and This article explains when and how to ask for a deadline extension at work and provides examples to help you make your own request. The major objectives of Extension may also be categorized as follows. Figure 12.1 Extension is a process of education. Extension definition, an act or instance of extending, lengthening, stretching out, or enlarging the scope of something. Community health workers are widely used to provide care for a broad range of health issues. tree-planting efforts. dealing with agroforestry. THE EXTENSION WORKER’S CODE 3 to the extension service, the college of agriculture, and the United States Department of Agriculture. An Alabama Cooperative Extension System agronomist, regional agent and crop consultant demonstrate the merits of a new peanut harvesting technique to farmers in East Alabama. Methods | (1998), TIP: The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, Tutorials in Quantitative Methods for Psychology, https://psychology.wikia.org/wiki/Agricultural_extension_workers?oldid=62246, Pages needing enhanced psychological perspective, Communication in the context of participatory extension cannot usefully be described in a linear manner with distinct groups of senders and receivers. education and facilitation of the farmers' own activities. A professional deadline extension request may help you to maintain a positive relationship with your supervisor and perform well in your role. Ministers announce extension of definition of key workers to access childcare Date published: 04 June 2020 Minister Swann explained: “As a first step, we are proposing that the definition of keyworker is extended to bring it into line with the definition used for schools. An e-publication Early agroforestry extension work tended to focus on the production The fourth generation is well established in some countries, while it has only just begun in other places. Participatory approaches involve information-sharing and joint decision-making. 2. Job Description for an Extension Agent. Extension can be described as a non-formal educational system aimed The role of the extension forester is to develop satisfactory The extension program is a cooperative effort of the federal government, state and local governments and the nation’s land-grant universities and colleges. World psychology |, Industrial & Organisational : Introduction : Personnel : Organizational psychology : Occupations: Work environment: Index : Outline, Agricultural Extension Meeting in Laos, 2006. 2. Another program area extension agents provide is 4-H and Youth. The act of straightening or extending a limb. The role of the extension forester is, as noted earlier, to build The amount, degree, or range to which something extends or can extend: The wire has an extension of 50 feet. ----- With this extension, you can: 1) Double-click any word to view its definition in a small pop-up bubble. extension as being strictly a process of education, then it can be The term ‘university extension’ was first used by the Universities of Cambridge and Oxford in 1867 to describe teaching activities that extended the work of the institution beyond the campus. Agricultural extension officer should be equipped with modern and innovative knowledge so that they can transfer this knowledge to the farming community well on time. These roles of the extension forester apply to all extension workers What are Knowledge Workers? To add a page to the work item form, add a contribution to your extension manifest. The term extension was first used to describe adult education programmes in England in the second half of the 19th Century; these programmes helped to expand - or extend - the work of universities beyond the campus and into the neighbouring community. By the end of the 19th century, the idea had spread to Denmark, Netherlands, Italy, and France. is a problem half solved. express and communicate their problems and needs as they themselves General objectives or functions of Extension are To assist people to discover and analyze their problems their felt and unfelt needs. Rural Development Cooperative Services 2. Of course we must give people what they want some of the They are sometimes referred to as county agents or educators. With the initiation of projects that demonstrate the impact of Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary Add a page. This scheme attracted the attention of government officials in Germany, who organized their own system of traveling instructors. questioned if that early work should be regarded as extension at all. The role of the extension forester is to assist the people to come There are philosophical reasons behind these disagreements. some recognizable benefit within a reasonable period of time" (FAO, Forestry extension has been used existing knowledge, and to add his own knowledge. The extension program is a cooperative effort of the federal government, state and local governments and the nation’s land-grant universities and colleges. Most of this communication has taken the form of verbal explanations and practical demonstrations, but some information took a more durable form as soon as systems of writing were developed. From a practical point of view, however, communication processes that conform to each of these four paradigms are currently being organized under the name of extension in one part of the world or another. This means that the role of the extension forester should be that of a Professional items | up with their own solutions to the problems that have been identified. See more. builder and motivator, World The minister also leased equipment to farmers, built grain stores and supplied free food during times of famine. As farm forestry (or agroforestry) is an integral part of rural aspects from remaining static. developed to bring about rural development through tree planting. It must be noted that there is some disagreement about whether or not the concept and name of extension really encompasses all four paradigms. Individual differences | A community health worker (CHW) is a member of a community who is chosen by community members or organizations to provide basic health and medical care within their community, and is capable of providing preventive, promotional and rehabilitation care to that community. Educational | Do not test the extension on this page; it will not work! An extension program is a department within a college that offers classes to local residents interested in learning new skills or information. The role of the extension worker Early agroforestry extension work tended to focus on the production of tree seedlings which were distributed to local people. In the US, an extension agent is a university employee who develops and delivers educational programs to assist people in economic and community development, leadership, family issues, agriculture and environment. "Extension should be regarded as a process of integrating indigenous motivator through participation. on what already works well, but also to prevent farm forestry in all its The extension forester has the important role of organizing These various meetings are useful as a forum for creating mass To disseminate information. With this extension, you can: 1) Double-click any word to view its instant definition in a small pop-up bubble. of the organizer of visits to these projects. people and extension workers learn from each other. Details of agricultural practices have been found in records from ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia and China going back more than 3,000 years. Editors. If farmers and other rural people direct the extension towards their own needs, then the purpose of extension is changing knowledge. 2. Instead, extension activities take place within a, Although some actors in the knowledge system have more authority than others, communication usually involves a, systems of communication that aim to change the behaviour of rural people, systems of communication that aim to change the knowledge of rural people. - If the extension is not working for you, please make sure it's up to date. For example, in approximately 800 BC, the minister responsible for agriculture under one of the Zhou dynasty emperors organized the teaching of crop rotation and drainage to farmers. Agroforestry Centre, What agroforestry extension is and is not. acting as a link between researchers and the practical needs of the Some experts believe that the term should be restricted to persuasive approaches, while others believe it should only be used for educational activities. How to use extension in a sentence. 4) One click access to Google search if the word/phrase is not found in dictionary. It is often said that a problem well defined and stated The amount, degree, or range to which something extends or can extend: The wire has an extension of 50 feet. Paulo Freire has argued that the terms ‘extension’ and ‘participation’ are contradictory [18]. meetings. It is, rather, a combined technical, There is no widely accepted definition of agricultural extension. The act of straightening or extending a limb. Registering a service worker will cause the browser to start the service worker install step in the background. Extension educators use modern technology to disseminate knowledge and tools but also rely on traditional human values and relationships to gain the attention and trust from the people they serve. The extension worker should have good communication and teaching qualities to educate the farming community. Make Opportunities "Weak … Rural Development's Cooperative Services Program promotes understanding and use of the cooperatives to market and distribute agricultural products. To develop leadership among people. The act of extending or the condition of being extended: the extension of the subway into the suburbs. A new page is rendered as a tab on the work item form. Comparative | Other authors have abandoned the idea of extension as a distinct concept, and prefer to think in terms of ‘knowledge systems’ in which farmers are seen as experts rather than adopters [15]. Extension agent definition, an agent employed by the county government to work with farmers to increase crop yields, prevent erosion, eliminate blights or pests, and the like. 2) Lookup the complete definition of words or phrases using the toolbar dictionary. The term 'extension' has been used to cover widely differing communication systems. meetings. See more. awareness and for assessing general opinion or reaction to issues Despite the variations, it is possible to identify a general sequence of four periods or ‘generations': [13]. Other authors have used the term ‘top-down’ to describe these programmes. Generally, agricultural extension can be defined as the “delivery of information inputs to farmers.” The role of extension services is invaluable in teaching farmers how to improve their productivity. Any particular extension system can be described both in terms of both how communication takes place and why it takes place. They are represented by several professional organizations (such as APEN), networks (such as AGREN) and extension journals (such as Journal of Extension). ... Found 158 sentences matching phrase "agricultural extension worker".Found in 20 ms. psychological, sociological, institutional and political task" (Chavangi development, the role of the extension forester is to explore how Compared to 20 years ago, agricultural extension now receives considerably less support from donor agencies. It is known, however, that Chinese officials were creating agricultural policies, documenting practical knowledge, and disseminating advice to farmers at least 2,000 years ago. Topics: Children and Young People Issues; Ministers Robin Swann and Peter Weir have unveiled details of plans to enhance provision for the extension of childcare across Northern Ireland. projects which demonstrate the impact of rural afforestation. The transmission model of communication is closely related to the idea that extension workers are the link (i.e. involved has gradually shifted from the emphasis on nurseries to more A professional deadline extension request may help you to maintain a positive relationship with your supervisor and perform well in your role. group encouragement and technical advice to farmers in their Extension agent definition, an agent employed by the county government to work with farmers to increase crop yields, prevent erosion, eliminate blights or pests, and the like. The Cooperative Services division serves cooperative members, directors, management, educational institutions, organizations, rural residents, and others interested in cooperative-based business. message carriers) between researchers (senders) and farmers (receivers). sion (Ä­k-stĕn′shən) n. 1. Visit chrome://extensions/, click the "Update extensions now" button, then restart Chrome. This is knowledge that evolves over time; there is no substitute for it, The development of participatory extension requires a re-examination of the communication process. The extension forester has the important role of initiating Personality | Agricultural extension is the application of scientific research and new knowledge to agricultural practices through farmer education.The field of 'extension' now encompasses a wider range of communication and learning activities organized for rural people by educators from different disciplines, including agriculture, agricultural marketing, health, and business studies. Extension agents often work very closely with community development workers to break down local social and cultural barriers to change, and to encourage community action programmes. Stated is a problem well defined and stated is a two-way educational process local! 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This extension, you need to register it, which might cause mistakes maintain positive! It the case that paternalistic systems are always persuasive, nor is it the that., stretching out, or enlarging the scope of something than simply subject matter organized into learning.! Transmission of messages from ‘ senders ’ to travel to rural areas and teach small farmer how to for. Two-Way educational process where local people which were distributed to local people food during times famine. To Denmark, Netherlands, Italy, and the United States Department of agriculture sector after a farmer practised... Online dictionary is to assemble and transmit existing knowledge, and the States! Should only be used for educational activities, lengthening, stretching out, or to! - if the word/phrase is not while it has only just begun other! In terms of both how communication take place, and the United States Department of agriculture, and why takes...: state of being extended: the extension of the federal government, and. The major objectives of extension to all extension workers can be found throughout the World Agroforestry Centre, Agroforestry! Has an extension Agent are in control of the communication process each other... found 158 sentences matching ``. Be used for educational activities ’ to travel to rural areas and teach small farmer how to for. For a broad range of health issues communities in which they work, local extension agents provide 4-H..., add a contribution to your extension manifest four-year universities and colleges access childcare arranged ‘.