Above: Proposed GHQ Zone of Stops - the GHQ Anti-tank Stop line. I'd seen several new pillboxes and explored an area less well known to me - all in all, a very satisfying day! It is therefore NOT suitable as a basis for producing derivative works or surveys! WWII GERMAN WH KNIGHTS IRON CROSS OAK LEAF SWORDS BADGE MEDAL SILVER. The history of the GHQ stop line is well researched and documented on other web-sites. World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. Stop Line Green would have been the last line of defence against the Nazis if they had invaded back in 1940. The result was a long line of pillboxes and other defences, and I knew that many pillboxes still survived along my local stretch. Moovit gives you DARB suggested routes, real-time bus tracker, live directions, line route maps in Dubai / Abu Dhabi, and helps to find the closest 5 bus stops near you. INTERACTIVE LINE 3 MAP Click to open map NOTE: This interactive map was updated in November 2018, to display the final route approved by the MN PUC, which is different from the route originally proposed by Enbridge and used in the Environmental Impact Statement. The tenth pillbox of the day was situated on the far bank of the river and again, a distance shot was all I could get. Ironside was replaced by General Alan Brooke on July 20th and the concept of static defence and “stop” lines was more or less abandoned. Google Earth では自動的に最新のイメージが表示されますが、タイムラインで地図の過去のイメージを表示して、経時的な変化を確認できます。 Google Earth を開きます。 目的の場所を見つけます。 [表示] [過去のイメージ] をクリックするか、3D ビューアの上にある時計ボタン をクリックします。 Stop line crossings (roads, railways and bridges) were to be made impassable. Part of the GHQ (General Headquarters) Line was in East Sussex, running from Newhaven to Crowborough. In reality little work was done on the It was also considered that Ironside had not pursued the creation of mobile reserves strongly enough, which the entire plan relied upon. Ironside’s response to this was that mobile reserves had to be kept inland due to the need to deal with airborne landings as well as seaborne landings. (The map shows one near the junction with Spring Lane, a bit to the North.) Criticism on the plan continued to grow. Above: Proposed GHQ Zone of Stops - the GHQ Anti-tank Stop line. The 128km long Newhaven to Hoo stretch of the GHQ line was built by Eastern Command of the Home Forces during July and August 1940 and was intended to hinder a German advance from the beaches in Kent … Waterways and other natural obstacles such as steep hills. Accessed: 24 January 2021. A Stop-Line would be a continuous anti-tank obstacle, natural if possible, covered by Pillboxes and other prepared positions. Unfortunately, I didn't go inside this one, as there was the rotting carcass of a sheep just outside, and I don't like being near dead animals; you never know how safe it is to be there. Due to the haste of the situation, many of the road blocks were of no value as the enemy could just go around them and many pillboxes were built facing the wrong way. What may differ is the level of preservation, and the fact that all of these examples appear to have been numbered on the interior blast wall for identification purposes. Old Map: Aerial Photograph: Monument Types: Sources: Thesaurus: Description: DESCRIPTION + / -The earthwork remains of the WWII General Headquarters (GHQ) Line extend cross Marcham, Frilford, and Fyfield and Tubney parishes. Early in 1941, a new line, the "Back Line" was defined by 11 Corps, 10 miles inland with the purpose of preventing the enemy debouching from a successful beach landing. P&P: + £4.00 P&P . The interior was interesting, differing from other Type 24s I'd previously seen. This next pillbox was not directly accessible as it was on private farmland, but I did get some better photographs of it. Stop Lines used a combination of geography and construction to make continuous defences. http://wwww.pillbox.org.uk/blog/216509/ green section of the ghq line ran from the northern end of the taunton stop line . So, for example, if we wanted to map drive letter S to the share \\tower\movies, we’d use the following command: net use s: \\tower\movies If the share to which you’re connecting is protected with some sort of authentication, and you’d rather not type in the credentials every time you open the network drive, you can add the user name and password to the command with the /user: switch. 1) Google Earth をダウンロードしてインストールして、開きます。 2)左上の検索ウィンドウに地名を入れて検索します。3)左下のレイヤウィンドウでチェックすると、鉄道や道路、行政界を表示できます。4)左クリックで拡大。5)マウスドラッグ（左ボタンを押したまま動かす）で移動。 Hibbs, Peter The GHQ Line (2021) Available at: As this pillbox was in a relatively quiet location, I wanted to spend time surveying it properly, but a shortage of daylight hours meant I had to push on. The village of Semington sits on the GHQ Line Blue (GHQ=General Headquarters Line). Large print Tube map in black & white PDF 441KB Step-free Tube guide PDF 637KB Step-free Tube guide (accessible version) PDF 390KB Avoiding stairs Tube guide PDF … This pillbox forms part of the GHQ - Stop Line Blue, is believed to have been constructed by local builders W.E. In the opinion of the Vice-Chiefs of staff, allowing the coast to be held as an outpost line only and having the main line of resistance inland after a fair proportion of the country had been overrun was nothing but suicidal: "it appears that the main resistance might only be offered after the enemy had overrun nearly half of the country, and obtained possession of aerodromes and other vital facilities". The location of reserves in Ironside’s plan would take an unduly long time to deploy for counter attack on the coastal zone. The "green" section of the GHQ Line ran from the northern end of the Taunton Stop Line near Highbridge in Somerset, along the River Brue, across the Mendips from Wells and following the railway from Masbury into the Wellow valley. It is recorded on aerial photographs taken in 1944 as an open trench with flanking spoil heaps. As waterways provided an effective obstacle it was intended to hold these lightly in order to concentrate forces for the remainder, weaker stops. My next stop was a few hundred yards along the river, where I found an identical type. Close to Charlotteville is London Road station. Nazi definition is - a member of a german fascist party controlling germany from 1933 to 1945 under adolf hitler. To sum up, this is a good local example of a defensive stop line and probably has the densest concentration of pillboxes of all Northumberland pillbox lines. GHQ (General Headquarters) Stop Lines were constructed as part of the Defence of Britain to contain enemy armoured forces during the Second World War, being essentially anti-tank lines with a continuous anti-tank obstacle formed by a waterway, artificial ditch, a line of concrete obstacles or a railway embankment <1>. Today, the infilled anti tanks ditches between Stapleford and Worts Causeway can still be picked out from the air. This was known as a "stop line", i.e. Anti-Aircraft defences (batteries and searchlights) were also to form anti-parachute parties and to place themselves under the order of local military commanders if they could no longer perform their A.A role. The final and main position of resistance was the General Headquarters Anti-tank Line (the GHQ stop-line). Uncovering the hidden secrets of a pillbox. The knock-on effect is that I've been doing so much lately, that I haven't had time to keep my blog up to date. Here, the canal meanders up to Bath and dawdles along to Bristol. The main concern was that not enough emphasis was placed on hitting the enemy hard during the most vital phase when he would be at his most vulnerable i.e. Further information about monuments may be obtained by contacting Archive Services, through the … It was intended as a defence against a German invasion, and was part of a national network of similar "Stop Lines". The Kennet and Avon GHQ Stop Line Blue terminates at Bradford-on-Avon. I knew this one was here, as I'd tried several times in the past to photograph it from the train; it was a strange experience finally being able to see the other side of it! Following the old railway line north, I saw another 3 Type 24s on the far side of the fields, and one on land behind a pub. Randomly select a letter to start and type a word for each of the 5 different categories that starts with that letter. This was a defensive stop line constructed to protect Britain in the event of invasion during the Second World War. The main danger therefore came from the armoured fighting vehicles. I think there were at least 10+ pillboxes that I missed as a result of this detour, but my morale was raised by finding this specimen beside the footpath. Using the National Rail map, along with our Journey Planner, you can get an idea of Maiden Newton – Poole Harbour Stop Line National Trust North Downs GHQ Line B Pillbox Event Northumberland Stoplines Pillbox Camouflage Sand-Le-Mere: Defence of a Coastal Inlet Shell Ness EXDO Post Stoplines: Some Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. It was to consist of an artificial obstacle (ditch or minefield) covered by pillboxes and the bulk of the remaining anti-tank guns. The LDV were to keep a lookout for parachutists, Fifth Columnists and man certain road blocks. He expected one main landing by air and up to three by sea with the enemy exploiting which ever was the most successful. St Lukes was by now a military hospital and half a mile away on the Merrow Downs there was a Prisoner-of-War camp for Italian prisoners. The probable area of invasion was from The Wash to Newhaven with the possibility of strong diversionary raids on Shetland, Ireland (followed by an attack on the West Coast) and the North of England. Learn how to create your own. The information on this website is intended solely to describe the ongoing research activity of The Defence of East Sussex Project; it is not comprehensive or properly presented. See the full schedule and route on map for line 554 - INT9 by Viação Redentor, arrival times for your station, service alerts for the line and more! However the majority of available field guns (786 in all by mid-June) would be sited for beach defence. There are pillboxes, anti tank cylinders and the remains of a vertical rail defences. Do more with Bing Maps. 2. In addition the 2nd Armoured Division was located in the Northampton-Newmarket area, equipped with 178 light tanks so as to be able to operate against the flank or rear of any enemy troops landed in East Anglia or north of The Wash. C.I.C Home Forces (General E Ironside) considered there was little value in keeping large local reserves near the coast for counter-attack as the beach defence Divisions were still lacking in weapons and training which he considered would give little chance of success of any locally organized counter-attack. Two further lines ran from this east-west to impede forces progress northwards. John A small correction to my post of Nov. 12. Mobile reserves were to be held behind the GHQ Stop Line, ready to be deployed once the enemy attack had been delayed and canalized. Information on Tobu Railway route maps, limited express train timetables, limited express trains, how to use unstaffed stations, TOBU FREE Wi-Fi and manners to follow in stations and platforms. They were constructed as part of a package … Some improvised anti-tank guns would be provided (including a fleet of 76 lorries established which mounted a selection of obsolete 3 pounder, 6 pounder, 12 pounder and 4 inch guns) but the mine was to be the main anti-tank defence. Part of the GHQ (General Headquarters) Line was in East Sussex, running from Newhaven to Crowborough. My reference to a pillbox near the junction with Spring Lane should have read Lawday Link, not Spring Lane. WWII Escape Map … Churchill agreed with these concerns. Look for a small hidden container. The Defence of Britain Project databases were created from field and documentary work carried out between April 1995 and December 2001. This was known as a "stop line", i.e. The GHQ Line ran from the northern end of the Taunton Stop Line near Highbridge in Somerset, along the River Brue and the Kennet and Avon Canal to Reading, around the south of London south of Guildford and Aldershot, to Canvey Island and Great Chesterford in Essex, before heading north to end in Yorkshire. The problem with this extension of summer, is that I'm taking every opportunity to get out and about and do things. GHQ stop line - ghq operational instructions no 1 & 3 GHQ Operational Instructions No 1 (Jun 5th 1940) and No 3 (Jun 15th) detailed the revised policy of defence. Armoured columns could be expected to push on regardless of support and flank protection. The purpose of the Project was to record the 20th century militarised landscape of the United Kingdom, and to inform the responsible heritage agencies at both local and national level with a view to the future preservation of surviving structures. The Coastal Areas were to be regarded as an outpost zone (often referred to as “The Coastal Crust”), to give warning of an attack and to delay and break up the initial attack. a defensive line along which the German advance was to be halted, buying time for British reinforcements to reach the frontline. 1. Two parts of the Eastern Command line ran across Suffolk. DETAILED MAP DUNKIRK MAY/JUNE 1940 ROUTES COAST TO COAST HARDBACK WAR MAP. The purpose of the Project was to record the 20th century militarised landscape of the United Kingdom, and to inform the responsible heritage agencies at both local and national level with a view to the future preservation of surviving structures. P&P: + £10.95 P&P . The Eastern GHQ stop-line was designed to run from north of Edinburgh, inland and south along the east coast, around the east of London to meet the south coast near Eastbourne. The village of Semington sits on the GHQ Line Blue (GHQ=General Headquarters Line). A series of arterial stop lines designed to prevent German forces advancing on London and the industrial Midlands. Going into River Medway. Last updated: on February 18, 2014. Generic term for a hardened field defensive structure usually constructed from concrete and/or masonry. Location map of regional Parkiteer bike cages V/Line network map PDF 130 kB Night Coach PDF 539 kB Eastern PDF 112 kB North eastern PDF 113 kB Northern PDF 119 … Mobile reserves would then be brought into action at concentrated points. These guns, along with beaches most suitable for tank landings, would be defended by light machine guns in pillboxes, anti-tank blocks and anti-tank mines on the beach exits. It is also the only example in this area of a completely defended town with the ring around Wooler. during disembarkation. I managed to get the vital statistics, but I'll need another visit to record the interior accurately. From here on the trail was to get a bit cold, as the public footpaths took me away from the river (and pillboxes) and slightly inland. This may sound like a disaster, but having been inside just two of the pillboxes, you can tell that the interiors are identical in design. The innermost and longest was the GHQ Line. I couldn't believe the weather forecast for today; bright sunshine with temperatures of about 19-20°C - not bad for the middle of October! Even the river looks like it … The policy of defence to be adapted was a combination of offensive mobile columns and static defence by means of strong points and “stops”. Taking my bike on a train out to Lewes, I began a trek along the River Ouse, where I came across this Type 24 (with a train in the background). The arrow indicates the position of another Type 24 on the far side of a disused railway line at Barcombe Mills, totally overgrown. Map multiple locations, get transit/walking/driving directions, view live traffic conditions, plan trips, view satellite, aerial and street side imagery. When you find it, write your name and date in the logbook. Waterways and other natural obstacles such as steep hills. This line basically followed the railway line from Beccles to Ipswich and incorporated the E-F switch stop line. The principal stop-line, the GHQ (General Headquarters) Line, ran from the North Somerset Coast to the east of London and then, parallel with the east coast, to Yorkshire. Waterways at right angle to the main line of enemy advance were of the greatest value as they would hinder lateral movement of the attack and were to always be included in Demolition Schemes. Googleマップの新機能で、懐かしい昔の風景や過去の建物を見る方法があることをご存知ですか？Googleマップの新機能のひとつに、タイムマシン機能というのがあります。この機能を使うことで、ストリートビューの過去の街並みや昔の建物を見ることができます。 Much of eastern Cambridge has seen all traces of the line obliterated by building and, around the former cement works, quarrying. This was known as a "stop line", i.e. The Defence of Britain Project databases were created from field and documentary work carried out between April 1995 and December 2001. GHQ Stop Line - Whitminster #2 (GC6FFPP) was created by Gruntyv8 on 4/15/2016. German tactics were expected to be the same as used in France. Official MapQuest website, find driving directions, maps, live traffic updates and road conditions. The Taunton Stop Line was a World War II defensive line in southwest England. Waterways were to be made into Demolition Belts by preparing bridges and crossings for demolition. Although the War Cabinet agreed that ”the plan of defence……appears to be generally sound” there were some reservations. The Taunton Stop Line was one of more than 50 similar defensive lines that were constructed around England, all designed to compartmentalise the country to contain any breakthrough until reinforcements could arrive. I later managed to photograph this particular one from another angle, but again, from a distance. PILLBOX (TYPE FW3/28): S0002538 Cracking view.