A head injury is also often called a brain injury or traumatic brain injury (TBI), depending on the extent of the injury. Head injuries are common in children and teens. If your child has hit her head on a hard surface because she fell from a high spot (her high chair, the changing table) or if you spot any of the following symptoms, head to the emergency room with your toddler: She’s lost consciousness (even for a moment) or appears totally dazed. Goose eggs, a knot on the head, bruises and complaints of a headache leave parents wondering if that bump on the head is worthy of a call to the doctor. She vomits several times. Children often bump their heads accidentally, resulting in minor bumps, bruises, or cuts in the scalp, but no damage to the brain inside. Head injuries are classified as mild, moderate or severe. Head injury Almost all children will bump their heads, especially when they are babies or toddlers and are just learning to roll over, crawl, or walk. Sometimes, more serious injuries happen. They can hurt the scalp, skull, brain, or blood vessels. Or your baby rolls off the bed when you turn your attention away for a moment. However, if your child falls from a high place such as a high chair, tabletop, countertop, or changing table onto a hard floor, AND you know baby hit head first, you should probably go straight to an ER without even contacting your doctor. These accidents may upset you, but your anxiety is usually worse than the injury. In kids, most are mild and don't injure the brain. Head injuries can be mild, like a bump on the head, or more serious, like a concussion. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that you call your child's doctor for anything more than a light bump on your child's head. Your wobbly toddler might tumble from the kitchen chair he insists on climbing. "I call toddlerhood the ‘hitting stage’ of development because this behavior can be common in children between 1 and 2 years old," says Deborah Glasser Schenck, Ph.D., director of … A head injury is any kind of damage to the scalp, skull, brain, or other tissue and blood vessels in the head. From a countertop at just the right height to a fall on the playground, there are all kinds of ways children can take a bump to the head, especially toddlers. What is a head injury in children? In infants younger than 1 year old, most serious head injuries are related to child abuse. She can’t stop crying. If your child doesn't have signs of a serious head injury and remains alert, moves normally and responds to you, the injury is probably mild and usually doesn't need further testing. Many head injuries are mild, and simply result in a small lump or bruise. At first glance, minor head injuries can seem worse than they really are, so don’t panic (even if it’s your first instinct). Most head injuries in children are minor. A head injury can be as mild as a bump, bruise (contusion), or cut on the head. “Head banging often starts after about six months of age and peaks at 18 to 24 months,” he says. Children often bump or bang their heads, and it can be difficult to tell whether an injury is serious or not. For example, some hitting and biting is normal for toddlers, but biting multiple times during the week would be more of a concern. Just treat your child according to our head injury guidelines. Though it may be alarming to parents, this behaviour is pretty common—about a quarter of toddlers will hit themselves in the face or head with some regularity, says Kiran Pure, a registered clinical child psychologist in Halifax. Children under 4 are the most frequent victims of head injuries, and young athletes get mild-to-serious concussions on a regular basis. Any knock to the head is considered a head injury. 00:06 How to treat head injuries in children. 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